What are the different types of turtles

There are still seven species of sea turtles around the world

The leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is the only survivor of the Dermochelyidae (leatherback turtle) family. The Cheloniidae (sea turtle) family includes the following six species: Australian green turtle (Natator depressus), hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), green sea turtle or green turtle (Chelonia mydas), Kempard's horse turtle (Lepidacidochelysely) Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta).

In the Leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) the original bone and horn armor has receded. What is left is a thick, leather-like skin into which small, mosaic-like bone plates are inserted. With a shell length of up to two meters and an average weight of 500 kilograms, the leatherback turtle is also the largest of the sea turtles.

Australian green turtle

The Australian green turtle (Natator depressus) has a flat body and armor, with upturned edges. This species has the smallest range of all sea turtles. It occurs only in the waters between northern Australia, southern Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

The up to 90 centimeters tall and 60 kilograms heavy Hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) has pointed arched jaws that are reminiscent of a bird of prey's beak.

The Green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) is not only green, but also black-brown to yellowish-green in color. With a length of up to 1.5 meters and a weight of up to 200 kilograms, it is the largest turtle in the Cheloniidae family.

Kemp's hybrid turtle (Lepidochelys kempii) is the smallest sea turtle with a length of 70 centimeters. It is easy to recognize by its almost round shell.

Pacific ridged turtle

The Pacific ridged turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) looks very similar to the Kemp’s hybrid turtle, but with a length of up to 72 centimeters and a weight of 50 kilograms, it is larger and heavier than it. Both species are native to different regions.

Loggerhead sea turtle

The Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) reaches a weight of 180 kilograms and a shell length of over one meter. Its large head and strong jaws are characteristic.

  • Sea turtles

    Sea turtles are descended from land or freshwater turtles that have adapted to the marine environment. Continue reading ...