How was Hitler in his youth

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Nazi politician

  • April 20: Adolf Hitler is born as the son of the customs officer Alois Hitler (until 1877 Schicklgruber) and his wife Klara (née Pölzl) in Braunau am Inn (Upper Austria).
    Attended secondary school in Steyr.

  • Death of the father.

  • Hitler leaves the secondary school without a final exam and returns to Linz. He is not initially forced to work.

  • After his mother's death, he moved to Vienna, where he applied to the art academy twice, but to no avail. After he had been able to live on his inheritance for a while, he managed to get by without a permanent residence and finally in a homeless shelter with odd jobs.

  • May 16: Hitler can fall back on his father's inheritance.
    May 24th: He moves to Munich.

  • Here he joined the Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 16 (later the "List" regiment) as a war volunteer.
    December: Awarded the Iron Cross, 2nd class.

  • October: Serious leg wound on the Western Front.

  • March 5: recovered again, Hitler reports back to his unit.

  • August: Awarded the Iron Cross, 1st class.
    October 15: In a gas attack, he suffers poisoning that leads to temporary blindness.
    End of November: After a stay in a hospital in Pasewalk, where he experienced the end of the war, he returned to the 2nd Infantry Regiment in Munich and worked for the Reichswehr as a "liaison man" and "educational speaker".

  • June: Hitler is suggested by his unit to take part in a lecturing course for selected "propaganda people" at the University of Munich and distinguishes himself as a talented speaker.
    August: In his first written political notes, he emphasizes the "removal of the Jews in general" as the most pressing goal.
    September 12: Hitler visits a meeting of the German Workers' Party (DAP) and joins it a few days later with membership number 555. The party had started its count at 500 to simulate a larger membership.
    October 16: Hitler gives his first political speech to members of the DAP.

  • February: Participation in the program of the party renamed the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP).
    March 31: Hitler is released from the Reichswehr and from then on devotes himself to party work.

  • July 29th: As an agitator has meanwhile become indispensable and known beyond the borders of Munich, he succeeds in taking over the leadership of the party with dictatorial powers at an extraordinary general meeting of the NSDAP.

  • November 9th: The Hitler putsch in Munich is crushed by government troops at gunpoint. The NSDAP is banned the following day. Hitler flees and is arrested two days later in Uffing, Bavaria.

  • February 26: Hitler and Ernst Röhm, General Erich Ludendorff and others are charged with treason before the Munich People's Court and finally sentenced to five years imprisonment. Hitler uses the trial negotiations as a forum for his anti-republican agitation.
    December 20th: Early release from the Landsberg Fortress, in which the first volume of his book "Mein Kampf" was created.

  • February 27: The NSDAP is re-established.
    April 30th: Hitler is released from his Austrian citizenship on application and has been stateless since then.
    Speech ban by the Bavarian government, which the Prussian state government also subscribes to.

  • March 9: After the ban on speaking in Bavaria was lifted, Hitler speaks publicly for the first time.

  • November 16: Hitler speaks in the Berlin Sports Palace after the ban on speaking for Prussia has been lifted.

  • October 10: Reich President Paul von Hindenburg receives Hitler for the first time for a debate.
    October 11: Formation of the Harzburg Front, in which the entire anti-republican right is united: NSDAP, German National People's Party (DNVP), All-German Association, Stahlhelm.

  • January 26th: Hitler speaks in front of the Industry Club in Düsseldorf.
    February 26th: Granting of German citizenship.
    March 13: In the first ballot for the Reich presidential election, Hitler receives around 30 percent of the vote.
    April 10th: In the second ballot, he achieved almost 37 percent of the vote. Reich President Hindenburg is re-elected.
    August 13th: After the Reichstag elections on July 31st, from which the NSDAP emerged as the strongest faction, Hitler's demand for the appointment of Chancellor von Hindenburg is rejected.
    November 6th: Despite considerable losses - around two million votes - the NSDAP remains the strongest parliamentary group in the Reichstag.
    December 8th: Quarrel over possible government participation with Gregor Strasser, who then resigns all party offices and withdraws from politics.

  • January 4th: Agreement between Hitler and Franz von Papen in the house of a Cologne banker about the formation of a government.
    January 30th: Hitler is appointed Chancellor of a national-conservative cabinet to which two other National Socialists belong, Hermann Göring and Wilhelm Frick.
    March 5: In the Reichstag election, the NSDAP falls far behind the hoped-for absolute majority and receives 43.9 percent of the votes.
    March 21: Chancellor Hitler meets with President Hindenburg for the "Potsdam Day". By combining the "old with the new" the reputation of the Hitler government is to be increased.
    March 24th: The Enabling Act is passed by all parties with the exception of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the now de facto banned Communist Party of Germany (KPD).

  • June 30th: Through the so-called Röhm Putsch, Hitler got rid of the leadership of the Sturmabteilung (SA) pressing for a "second revolution" and had numerous political opponents murdered.
    July 20: The Schutzstaffel (SS) is decoupled from the party structures and directly subordinated to Hitler.
    August 2nd: President Hindenburg dies. Hitler combines the offices of Reich President and Reich Chancellor in his person and bears the title of "Fuehrer and Reich Chancellor". The Reichswehr, from which the Wehrmacht emerged in 1935, was sworn in personally on him.

  • September 15: The Nuremberg Race Laws are passed by the Reichstag convened in Nuremberg for the Nazi Party Congress.

  • March 7th: German troops march into the demilitarized Rhineland.
    October 25: Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan, which Italy later joins.

  • October 25: Hitler receives Benito Mussolini in Berlin and develops his foreign policy alliance system with the "Berlin-Rome Axis".
    November 5: Hitler presents his military and foreign policy goals to the military leadership and demands that the Wehrmacht be prepared for a war of aggression within the next two years.

  • February 4: Hitler dismisses the military leadership and takes over command of the Wehrmacht. Konstantin von Neurath is replaced as Foreign Minister by Joachim von Ribbentrop, who from then on aligns foreign policy with a strictly National Socialist line.
    March 15: After German troops marched into Austria, Hitler announced the "Anschluss" of Austria to the German Reich in front of an enthusiastic crowd on Heldenplatz in Vienna.
    May 30th: Hitler's secret order to break up Czechoslovakia.
    September 29: Munich Agreement. The areas inhabited by the Sudeten Germans fall to Germany. Hitler then declares that he no longer has any territorial claims in Europe.
    October 21: Hitler's instructions to prepare for the "smashing of the rest of the Czech Republic".
    November 9th: Pogrom night initiated by Hitler and Joseph Goebbels, during which numerous synagogues and Jewish shops are destroyed and Jews are indiscriminately deported and murdered.

  • January 30th: In a speech in the Reichstag, Hitler announces the "annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe" in the event of a new world war.
    March 15: The Wehrmacht occupies Czechoslovakia.
    March 21: Hitler demands the return of Danzig and the construction of an extra-territorial motorway through the corridor.
    May 23: Hitler explains his plans of attack to the Wehrmacht generals and demands "living space in the east".
    August 23: conclusion of the "Hitler-Stalin Pact". The spheres of interest in Eastern Europe are delimited in a secret additional protocol.
    September 1: The Second World War begins with the German attack on Poland.
    October 9th: Hitler's directive to attack in the west.
    November 8th: Unsuccessful assassination attempt on Hitler in the Munich Bürgerbräukeller by the joiner Johann Georg Elser.

  • July 31: Hitler informs the High Command of the Wehrmacht (OKW) of his decision to attack the Soviet Union.
    December 18: "Führer Instruction" No. 21: "Operation Barbarossa" (attack on the Soviet Union) signed.

  • March 30th: Hitler speaks explicitly to the top of the military leadership of a "war of annihilation" in the east.
    June 6: In the "Commissar Order", Hitler orders the shooting of prisoners of war of the "Red Army".
    June 22nd: Attack on the Soviet Union. Start of the systematic murders by Einsatzgruppen of the SS and the Security Service (SD) in the Soviet Union.

  • January 20: Wannsee Conference on the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question".
    April 26th: Hitler has the Reichstag grant him a power of attorney as "Supreme Court Lord", which is not restricted by any law.
    August 25: Hitler's order to develop the coastal positions in western France into an "Atlantic Wall".

  • January 31: Surrender of the enclosed German 6th Army at Stalingrad, which on Hitler's instructions has to hold out in the positions until the end.

  • July 20: Unsuccessful assassination attempt by Count Klaus Schenk von Stauffenberg on Hitler.
    September 25th: Hitler orders that children and old men who have not yet been "fit for military service" should be brought together in the "Volkssturm" and deployed to defend the borders of the Reich.

  • January 30th: Hitler's last radio address. He calls for fanatical resistance against the advancing Allied troops and invokes the "final victory".
    March: In his "Scorched Earth Order", which provides for the German territories to be completely devastated before retreating, Hitler's contempt for the Germans is shown, who would have proven to be "too weak" to achieve his goals.
    April 29th: Hitler marries his long-time girlfriend Eva Braun.
    April 30: Adolf Hitler and his wife commit suicide in the bunker under the Reich Chancellery in Berlin.

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