What is norse mythology

Nordic gods: mythology, 15 deities and their meaning

Find out everything there is to know about Norse gods and Norse mythology. We have put together the 15 most important deities and their meanings as well as important background knowledge of the Nordic and Germanic legends in an easy-to-understand way for you.

We have everything there is to know about norse gods and the norse mythology compiled for you. This includes Germanic gods and the Germanic mythology, which largely corresponds to the Nordic world of legends.

First, you will learn about them most important source of tradition, the "Edda". Then we will inform you about that Family of gods, clarify important terms and finally tell you everything about the 15 most important Nordic gods and their meanings.

Nordic and Germanic mythology

Nordic and Germanic mythology

In this chapter we have some basic information for you. On the one hand, this includes the Edda in duplicate (Snorra-Edda and Lieder-Edda). Through them, the stories about Germanic and Nordic gods have been passed down to this day.

It is also important to know how the Nordic gods are divided into three parts. On the one hand, this includes the Giants and monsters, the Vanes and the sir. The beings and gods of the world of gods belong to them and the history of Norse mythology is shaped through their connections and enemies. Then you will find out what the mythological end of the world "Ragnarök" is and what influence Nordic gods have to this day.

The Edda

As an Edda two literary works of the 13th century which tell of Scandinavian and Germanic sagas of gods and heroes in the old Icelandic language. There are the "Snorra Edda" (about 1220-1225) and the "Lieder-Edda".

Both are repeatedly cited as sources when it comes to the Nordic and Germanic deities. However, the song Edda is more popular, since it depicts the old poems more completely than the Snorra Edda and also as unrated collection and is not designed as a textbook. In the following you will learn more important information and differences between the two main sources of Norse mythology.

Snorra Edda

The Snorra Edda - originally just titled Edda - today bears its name after hers Poet Snorri Sturluson (1178 / 79-1241). He was a historian, and politician Skald (court poet in the Nordic Middle Ages). He wrote the Edda between 1220 and 1225 for the Norwegian King Hákon Hákonarson and Jarl Skúli. The princes of the Nordic countries were considered to be jarls from the Germanic Iron Age (375 AD) until the high Middle Ages (around 1250 AD).

The Snorra Edda is also called Prose Eddabecause it is divided into a prologue and three parts, two of which are in prose. The third part is a list of stanzas and gives examples of old songs about Nordic gods that are referred to in the text.

The verses quoted by Snorri agree with those of the Edda songs almost literally. It is therefore assumed that the songs in the Lieder Edda are much older. The Snorra-Edda is a textbook for skalds and thus also contains sections on the language and style of poetry.

Song Edda

The two Eddas are the key to the Nordic and Germanic belief in gods

The song Edda did not get its name until the late Middle Ages. she is better known as the Snorra Eddaeven if it was written later. Around 1270 this Edda Song poems about Nordic godsand heroes by unknown authors and different ages in one Collection in Icelandic collected.

This Edda contains 16 songs of gods and 24 songs of heroes. In terms of content, these songs deal with topics from Germanic heroic sagas and heroic poetry, historical people from the Migration period(4th - 6th century AD) late antiquity as well as Nordic variants of the Nibelungen saga. The Migration Period is considered to be Germanic hero age and is an important historical reference period for hero poetry.

In contrast to the Snorra Edda are here whole songs handed down and prose passages can only be found in the form of a few isolated, short contents. Since most of the songs in the Song Edda were already known to the author of the Snorra Edda, it will also be the "Older Edda" called and the Snorra Edda the "Younger Edda".

However, these names are confusing, as the Snorra Edda was created around 50 years before the Song Edda. Until the 19th century the song Edda was also "Sæmundar-Edda" or "Samund-Edda" called because it was wrongly assumed that it went back to Saemund the Wise.

Nordic gods: monsters, Vanes and Aesir

The belief in gods of the Nordic peoples is based on three generations, the Urchaos ("Ginnungagap") have arisen. The primeval chaos created an empty space that stands at the beginning of world events and that emerged from the meeting of the two opposing pole areas "Muspellsheim" and "Niflheim".

Niflheim (Old Norse Niflheimr "dark world") is an icy area in the north and is in contrast to the fiery area Muspellsheim in the south. From this chaos came the Giant "Ymir"who fed on the milk of the original cow "Audhumbla" (Auðhumbla). The cow licked salty stones for three days, from which gradually a man named "Buri "(also" Bure ") emerged.

Buri is considered to be the progenitor of the gods. Be Son "Burr" (also "Börr" or "Borr") had three sons named Odin (also "Wodan"), Vili (also "Wili") and Vé (also "We") with "Bestla" (daughter of the giant Bölthorn). How Burr was originally conceived is not described in any of the Eddas. It only becomes clear that the first gods Odin, Vili and Vé emerged through Burr and Bestla.

The Odin brothers are not mentioned often in Norse mythology. But you are helping Odin with the To slay the giant Ymir and to form the world from his corpse. At the beginning there was the giant Berhelmir and his wife, who existed before the world was created. Also, Odin created the first human couple "Ask" and "Embla". The giant race reproduced and so a dispute arose between good (Nordic gods) and evil (giants and monsters).

Giants and monsters

The gods include monsters, Vanes and Aesir

The oldest generation, his Origin already before the world was created in Norse mythology, the race is the giants and monsters. In it all evil beings are united, which for Natural disasters be held responsible and the Could destroy the world. To prevent this, the Vanes were created.

Wanen

The Wanen (also "Vanen") are the older gods in Norse mythology. They are considered Gods and goddesses of fertility, prosperity and solidarity with the earth and they are responsible, among other things, for the domestic area such as the hearth fire or agriculture.

Your being is called peaceful described and they live in Wanenheim (also "Wanahaim", Old Norse "Vanaheimr"). They can live forever unless they are slain. The most famous vanes are Freyr, Freya, Gullveig, Tyr, Nerthus and Njörd (Njörðr). Since they did not manage to rise up against the giants and monsters with their peaceful nature, the sir were created.

Sir

The sir are a younger generation of gods and are called martial deities shown. The seat of the sir is in Asgard. They have limited power, but they strive for more and make an arrangement with the Vanes that they need to have longer lives.

They receive immortality only through the apples of the goddess Idun. The sir include: Balder, Börr, Bragi, Buri, Dag, Forseti, Heimdall, Hermod, Höder, Hönir, Kvasir, Lodur, Loki, Magni, Odr, Odin, Rig, Skjöld, Thor, Tyr, Uller, Vali, Vé and Vidar.

in the Van War The sir fought against the Wanen and gave them the sea god Njörd and the twins Freyja and Freyr as an offer of peace. For this they receive the Asen Hönir and the giant Mimir. Snorri also uses the term "Aesir" in the Snorra Edda as an umbrella term for Nordic gods.

Ragnarok (doomsday)

Although the Vanes and Aesir were created to fight the giants and monsters, they cannot escape their fate. "Ragnarök" is Old Norse and means "fate of the gods". Snorri mistakenly translated the term "Götterdämmerung".

"Ragnarök" means the three-year battle of gods and giantsbecause of which the world ends. It is prophesied in the "prophecy of the seeress", the first of the 16 divine songs of the Edda song. The prophecy is about the downfall of the gods and ends with the Portrayal of a new worldthat arose after the fall of the old world.

Norse and Germanic gods today

Norse and Germanic gods today

Nordic gods are still reflected in some today Days of the week. The Teutons took over the seven-day week of the Romans and named them after their gods. That's how it goes Thursday ("Thorsdag") for example on the Thunder god Thor back that Friday ("Freyjudagr" or "Frjádagr") Freya or Frigg. The Wednesday ("Onsdag") opens Wodan / Odin back what is best recognizable today in the Germanic languages ​​English ("Wednesday") and Dutch ("Woensdag").

In addition, the characters of the Nordic world of legends can be found in numerous Films, comics, series or computer games. One example is that "Vikings" series (2013–2020), vaguely based on the legendary stories about the Viking Ragnar Lothbrok and the shieldmaiden Lagertha is based. Also the American company Marvel reaches for his Comics and movies like to approach Norse mythology.

An example of a Viking game, which is strongly based on the Nordic world of gods "Valheim" (2021). It was designed by the rather small Swedish developer "Iron Gate" for Windows and is about one tenth fictional world called "Valheim"within the world tree Yggdrasil. You can find out more about the nine worlds and the world tree below.

Introduction to the world of the gods

In this chapter you will find an introduction to the Nordic gods. This includes the Merging of Germanic and Nordic deitiesthat overlap and can usually only be distinguished by their changed names.

We also explain what you mean by the World tree "Yggdrasil" which is fundamental to Norse mythology. It contains the entire mythological cosmos and appears again and again in the traditions.

Nordic and Germanic gods

Nordic gods are actually a collective term for the gods of the Vikings, Teutons and Celts. They were all peoples of the north and believed in very similar myths. Here the names of the gods differ in part, but they have very similar or identical properties and are about them same stories tells.

One example is God Odinwho too "Wodan "or" Wotan " is called. No matter what name the main god is referred to in Norse and Germanic mythology, he is referred to in the Edda as Father of gods described. You will learn more about Odin later in this article.

Yggdrasil (World Tree)

Yggdrasil is the world ash in Norse mythology

On the world tree "Yggdrasil" (also "Mimameid") the Nordic gods live in nine Worlds. The tree is usually called Ash understood, more rarely as yew, and embodies theentire cosmos in Norse mythology. He grew out of the world created by Odin and his brothers; the corpse of the great giant Ymir. Its branches extend over the Heaven (upper world), the earth, and The underworld.

On top of his crown there is a Eaglewhose name is unknown. But you know that for that hawkwho sits between his eyes: "Vedrfölnir". The eagle is in constant conflict with him serpentine dragon "Nidhöggr", which gnaws at the root of the tree.

The dispute is through a squirrel called "Ratatöskr" that runs back and forth between them and passes on their evil words. A goat named Heidrun lives in the branches of the ash and feeds Odin's warriors.

Three large roots of the tree suffice Jotunheim (Land of giants), Niflheim (where the dragon Nidhöggr lives) and near Asgard (where the sir live). Besides, live four deer on it, which eat its shoots, and snakes, which are descended from Nidhöggr, gnaw on the roots of the tree.

Yggdrasil's planes and worlds

Yggdrasil united according to the Edda nine Worlds. It will be ten in Norse mythology of the Eddas called. That's because Utgard as the outside world of Midgard is probably counted among her. We have provided all ten worlds with brief information for you so that you have an overview.

In research, the Divided into three levels and the naming of the worlds is no longer practiced, but still illustrates very well for outsiders how one can imagine the world tree.

Upper world

Asgard (Ásgarðr):

  • According to the Snorra and Lieder Edda die Home of the sir
  • Place of "Valhalla" (Hall of heroes who died in battle)
  • Connected to Midgard (human world) via the "Bifröst" rainbow
  • Other places in Asgard: "Vingólf" (seat of the Aesi goddesses), "Folkwang" (field of the people) and "Hlidskialf" (throne of Odin)

Wanenheim (Vanaheimr):

  • According to the song Edda: place where the water god Njörd grew up
  • According to the Snorra Edda: Home of the Vanes and counterworld to Asgard

Albenheim (Álfheimr):

  • Also: "Ljossalfheimr"
  • According to the song Edda: Place where the god Freyr receives a gift for the tooth of his first child and one of the gods' homes, possibly Freyr's place of residence
  • According to the Snorra Edda: Home of the albums (Light albums = "ljósálfar") and counterworld to Schwarzalbenheim (world of dark albums, dwarfs)

earth

The division of Yggdrasil into upper world, earth and underworld

Midgard (Miðgarðr):

  • World of people, as the western part (inner world) forms a horizontal, circular worldview with the opposite pole "Utgard" (eastern outer world)
  • Translated means "Mittelhof" or "Mittelgarten" (middle of the world)
  • Becomes connected to Asgard by the rainbow "Bifröst"

Utgard (Útgarðr):

  • Outside world with giants and trolls
  • Territory outside the worlds inhabited by humans and gods
  • Ruler: the giant "Utgardloki"

Jötunheim (Jǫtunheimr):

  • Home of Giants (personified forces of nature)
  • Located east of Midgard

Muspellsheim (Muspellzheimr):

  • Also: "Muspell" or "Muspellr"
  • According to the Snorra Edda: Home of the Fire giants
  • A fiery counterpoint to the icy "Niflheim", the merging of which resulted in the giant Ymir, the first being and basis of the world

Underworld

Schwarzalbenheim (Svartálfaheimr):

  • According to the Snorra Edda: Underground home of the dwarfs (Black albums)
  • Contrasted with Snorri's "Albenheim" as the home of the light albums

Niflheim (Niflheimr):

  • According to the Snorra Edda: Icy dark world of eternal night
  • Contains the origin of all rivers "Hvergelmir"
  • Antipole to "Muspellsheim"

Helheim (Helheimr)

  • Translated from Old Norse, means "the hidden"
  • Realm of the goddess of the dead "Hel"
  • Underworld the sir
  • Lies at the end of the Yggdrasil
  • Place of the "Hrimthusen" (formerly empty room "Ginnungagap" at the beginning of creation)

15 Nordic gods and their meaning

Nordic gods and their meaning

In the following we have put together 15 Nordic gods and their meanings for you. They are among the most important and well-known gods and will give you a good one Overview of the Nordic and Germanic gods. In Scandinavia, the gods Frey, Freya, Njörd and Thor were sworn in above all. Are from the 10th century Toastshanded down that were pronounced sacrifices for Odin, Njörd or Frey.

The Believe in the deities is not to be equated with our current conception of religion. There was no system and no specific religious society for the North Germanic belief that stipulated what one should and should not believe.

Nevertheless, the gods also influenced the cults, such as this Festival of Sacrifice in a golden temple in Usppsala (Sweden), which was dedicated to the gods. It was mentioned by Adam von Bremen (1050-1081 / 85), a cleric and chronicler, as the only medieval author.

Over time, like language, the names of the gods have changed. This is why the names of the Norse and Germanic deities sometimes differ. In addition, the Names also differentiate regionally. However, regardless of the name, they usually have the same function and symbolize the same properties.

Odin / Wodan

Odin, Wodan or Wotan is the supreme god of the sir and counts as Father of gods. The term "Odin" is common in North Germanic, while "Wodan" or "Wotan" is used in South Germanic. The name Odin is better known today through popular culture than Wodan or Wotan.

The supreme god Odin created the world with his two brothers from the giant Ymir. He also has the in the Edda Role of the god of war and the dead, the god of wisdom, poetry and runes as well as magic and ecstasy with shamanic features. He is often depicted on his eight-legged horse "Sleipnir" or on his magical throne "Hlidskialf", with the help of which he can look into all nine worlds of the world tree Yggdrasil.

From his Ravens "Hugin" and "Munin"that he sends out as scouts and messengers, he learns everything about what is happening in the worlds. Because of this, he will too "Raven god" called. He also owns only one eyebecause, according to the legend, after a being called "Mimir" who protects one of the springs of Yggdrasil, he left his eye as a pledge to see into the future.

Odin is thirsty for knowledge and strives for knowledge. For this he is ready to sacrifice something of himself (in this case his eye). He also hung himself on Yggdrasil for nine days and nine nights to gain even more wisdom. His ravens act as a substitute for his missing eye. Also accompany him two wolves, "Geri" and "Freki"who go hunting with him and protect him.

The god father Odin lives as Head of the Aesir in Asgard and rules there over two castles or palaces. In one is his throne, the other is "Walhall" (also "Valhall", "Walhalla" or "Valhalla"). He created Valhalla because he knew that he would need reinforcements for Ragnarök. So he decided that the bravest Midgard men who had died in battle should come to Valhalla.

Thor / Donar

The Nordic god Thor is also called "Donar" in the Germanic faith

Thor is the one Son of Odin and after him the most feared god in Norse mythology. In continental Germanic tribes (today German-speaking areas) he was also "Donar" called. His mother is "Jörd" (Jörð), the earth goddess. Thor's wife is "Sif"with which he a daughter named "Thrud" (force) fathered. Sif also brought a son named "Ullr" into the marriage.

In Norse mythology he takes the Role of the god of thunder and des Of God the Navigator one and always wears one big hammer ("Mjölnir") with whom he can crush his enemies. Without Thor even the gods are vulnerable and Thor without his hammer.

He is a strong, rough and quick-tempered character and probably the manliest god in the Nordic faith. Nevertheless, he is also good-natured. His temperament manifests itself for people as Thunder and lightning. Thor's hammer can be found in old memorial stones and was used by the Vikings also worn as a pendant.

With these symbols they professed his belief in him and asked him for protection. To this day he is one of the most famous Norse deities and was given by the Vikings in the form of place names and of nordic name like "Thorgim" or "Thorstein", today in German-speaking regions comparable to "Thorben" or "Thorsten".

Loki

The god Loki is best known from the Snorra Edda. It can also be found in the song Edda in the section "Lokasenna" ("Loki's quarreling") and in the Skaldendichtung (Old Norse poetry). In the Lokasenna from the Enmity between Loki and the sir reported. It came about because Loki deliberately spread strife in a peace hall and insulted the gods.

He descends from two giants, but is explicitly dem Sex of the sir assigned. Be contentious disposition presumably led to him no worship was granted. Its role in Norse and Germanic mythology is not clearly understood. His name goes with "Luftgott" or "Luftikus" translate, but there were also interpretations in which he used the devil was equated, who first put himself well with the gods, in order to then betray them to Ragnarök.

In the 18th century a picture of Loki as the god of fire was created, which resulted from a confusion with the fire giant "Logi". To regard him as an opponent of the gods is also too one-sided. Because it occurs in the tradition also as Ally of the gods and friend of the sir to which they owe many of their powerful objects (e.g. Odin's horse "Sleipnir" or Thor's hammer "Mjölnir"). Only when Ragnarok approaches does the relationship between Loki and the sir take a negative turn.

Loki is a shapeshifter, drives and represents the plot in Norse mythology social taboos and disorder. He's a handsome, but insidious one Son of the giants "Fárbauti" (father) and "Laufey" (mother). His brothers are called "Byleist" and "Helblindi", his wife is "Sigyn" and his sons are "Narfi" and "Vali". His children include Hel, the Midgard Serpent, and the Fenris Wolf.

Frigg / Frigga / Frija

Figure of the goddess Frigg

The Nordic goddess Frigg is also called "Frigga" or "Frija" in Old Norse and belongs to the Sex of the sir. she is the one Wife of Odin and the Mother of Balder (God of light), Hödur (blind god), Hermodr and Bragi (god of poetry) as well as the Mother of the Valkyries.

It was also called Guardian goddess of the household, marriage and the family considered and she is the passive guardian of the divine order. In contrast to her, her husband Odin intervenes in human affairs. Frigg lives in Asgard in the swamp hall "Fensal" and is supposed to ride on a golden wagon that is pulled by two white cats (presumably lynxes).

She knows many parallels to the goddess Freya and is more often confused with it due to its similar name. However, she differs only in that she is Odin's consort. she has nine servants called Gefjon (protector of virgins), Gna (Nordic messenger of the gods), Fulla (guardian of jewelry), Syn, Var, Eira, Hlín, Lofn, and Vjofn.

Frey / Freyr

The Nordic god Frey is also called Freyr and is probably identical with "Yngvi" from the Ynglinga saga by Snorri. Frey and his Twin sister "Freya" are the Children of the sea god "Njörd" and the hunt goddess "Skadi". With the beautiful giantess "Gerda" (Gerdr) he has a son named "Fjölnir" and belongs to the family of gods Wanen.

He is the God of fertility, but he is also combative in nature and rides his golden boar "Gullinborsti" in battlethat was created by dwarves. He is also associated with the sun and was worshiped as the main god in Sweden. Originally, he and his sister Freya were considered spouses before the family connection no longer fit into the worldview. So Gerda and Odhr (Óðr) appeared in mythology, playing the role of Frey and Freya's spouses.

Freya / Freyja / Freia

Freya is also called "Freyja" or "Freia" and is one Goddess of loveoriginally belonging to the sex of Wanen belonged, but then forced to switch to the sir. It shows parallels to the Roman goddess of love "Venus" and the Greek "Aphrodite". Freya will also associated with spring and happiness and it counts as Teacher of magic.

Her father is the sea god Njörd and her mother the hunting goddess Skadi. Her twin brother is the fertility god Frey. Freya is connected to the moon, among other things, and thus forms the opposite pole to her brother, who is connected to the sun. Like him, she rides one too Boar with golden bristles. Your boar is called "Hildisvini" and was created by the dwarfs "Dain" and "Nabbi".

Besides, she drives a wagon pulled by forest cats and owns a Hawk robewith which she can fly through the air like a bird. she is the one Leader of the Valkyries and at home on the battlefields. She shows clear parallels to the goddess Frigg, who is often confused with her. However, she is in In contrast to Frigg not the mother, but the leader of the Valkyries and not married to Odin either. In addition, she teaches the sir (especially Odin) magic.

Balder

The Nordic and Germanic tribes also believed in Balder, the god of light

The Light god Balder (Old Norse "Baldr", Icelandic "Baldur") is one of the Sir. His name means "lord, hero, prince or the shining one". According to the Snorra Edda, Balder is the one Son of the god father Odinand his wife Frigg and the brother of "Hödur" and "Hermodr". His Wife is the moon goddess "Nanna" and his son is "Forseti" (God for right and law). He is considered the god of light, the sun, purity, beauty and virtue.

Balder already did as a child Nightmares of his own death. When Frigg also has such a dream of the violent death of his son, the sir consider how they can protect him. All gods, creatures and plants are instructed by Frigg not to harm him. Only the mistletoe is forgotten in its inconspicuousness.

Loki learns of this mishap and brings Balder's blind and unsuspecting brother Hödur in the game to shoot Balder with a mistletoe. He collapses dead and after his death a hostile mood arises, which already points to Ragnarök.

Hel

Hel is the one Ruler of the underworld (Helheim). she is the one Daughter of Loki and the giantess "Angrboda". Your Siblings are the Midgard Snake and the Fenris Wolf. After the gods killed the serpent and tied the wolf, they feared Hel's vengeance and banished her from Asgard. Out of this situation, Hel founded the underworld under the roots of Yggdrasil.

she has a sense of justice and lets the bad people in Helheim suffer and spares the good. So Helheim cannot be compared with the Christian hell. All those who did not heroically die in battle come to the underworld. The goddess has a hellhound named "Garm", a servant named "Ganglot" and a servant named "Ganglat". Your weapon is a knife ("Sultr").

Heimdall

The Asengott Heimdall (Old Norse "Heimdallr" or "Heimdali") is the peaceful guardian of the rainbow "Bifröst", which connects Asgard (world of gods) and Midgard (world of men). He was born on the edge of the earth to nine giant sisters named Gelf, Greif, Eistla, Urgeba, Wolfrun, Angeia, Sind, Atla and Eisensaxa.

Heimdall stands for strength, wisdom and communication. A drink made from earth, sea water and pig's blood gives him his strength. He has a lot sharpened senseswith which he can even hear the wool of sheep growing. It can also see equally well day and night.

Nordic gods: Heimdall was the protector of the Bifröst

He hardly needs any sleep and he takes his job of guarding the rainbow very seriously. At Ragnarök he blows into the "Gjallarhorn"so that all nine worlds hear it. His companion animal is a horse with a golden mane and the name "Gulltopp".

According to an Icelandic song of the gods, he should went through Midgard under the name "Ríg" and fathered his three sons "Jarl" (prince), "Karl" (farmer) and "Thrall" (servant). They took three women and founded the Germanic estates. Thus Heimdall is also considered to be Founder of the estates.

Tyr

The old Norse god Tyr (old Germanic "Tiwaz", old English "Tig", old high German "Tiuz") was once the main god of the Germanic peoples during the migration period (4th - 6th century AD)before he was replaced by the Wodan cult. The Song Edda gives the giant Hymir as Tyr's father, the Snorra Edda gives Odin. He belongs to the Vanity and is regarded as the god of war, the god of victory and the god of justice. He shows parallels to the Roman god of war "Mars".

The Germanic deity Tyr only has one hand left because it was bitten off by the Fenris Wolfwhen he tied him up with the shackle "Gleipnir". The Fenriswolf is a son of Loki and grew bigger over time, which is why the gods felt threatened by him and wanted to tie them up for all time.

Bragi

The god Bragi belongs to the family of Sir and is that God of poetry. He is married to the youth goddess "Idun" and welcomes the fallen warriors in Walhalla. He is also Odin's and Frigg's son.

Both Germanic peoples was highly valued by Bragi as she passed her knowledge and historical events through the Poetry of songs preserved. Besides, they used Spellsthat should act on the subconscious through targeted poetry. Bragi was only declared a god from the 12th century.

Idun

Idun or "Iduna" is the goddess of the Youth and immortality. She is the daughter of the two older children of a dwarf named "Ivaldi" and the Wife of the poet god "Bragi"who could win her over with a song. Besides, she's the one Guardian of the golden apples that give eternal youth. The apples help the sir escape their mortality.

North

Njörd is the Nordic god of the sea

The god Njörd belongs to the Van line and is that God of the sea, the ocean and seafaring. Thus he represents the parallel to the Roman Neptune and the Greek Poseidon. The marine animals are subservient to him and his wagon is pulled by two whales, which turn into oxen on land. His children are Freya and Frey, whom he fathered with the hunting goddess Skadi. After the Van War, he and his two children are called Sending peace settlement to Asgard to the sir.

Skadi

Skadi is one Giantess and the goddess of the hunt and winter. She fathered two children with the sea god Njörd, but had to part with him because she hated the sea and he and she could no longer live together. Scandinavia may have been named after her.

The three Norns

The Norns are three female beings named "Urd" (fate), "Verdandi" (that which is becoming) and "Skuld" (guilt; that which should be), who direct the fate of men and gods. They are partly descended from gods, dwarves and elves.

Represent the goddesses of fate Past, present and future. According to the Song Edda, they live at the root of the Yggdrasil at the original source. Parallels can be found in Roman mythology with the "Parzen" and in Greek with the "Moiren".

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