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Tables are not very suitable for memorizing facts. Pictorial records such as a mind map or your own cheat sheet are better. Because: When creating, taking notes leaves a trace in the brain. It is also helpful to hang the scripts in a relaxing place in your own home.
Facts are better remembered if they are recorded as episodes with as much personal reference as possible instead of as bare keywords without context. If an association with your own pictures does not work, donkey bridges or stories and practical experiences from others can help.
Deal with one topic a day
Brain researchers have found that human memory is low. Without special memory training, almost no one can memorize more than ten terms at once. For learners this means: dealing with only one subject in one day and not constantly changing subject or focus! If you learn vocabulary in the evening, you shouldn't concern yourself with economic market models afterwards.
Repeating something for a good half an hour a day is enough to achieve visible learning success. With moderate but regular repetition, the Lernberg is climbed step by step instead of cramming all night shortly before an exam - usually without a satisfactory result. The background is the forgetting curve of the German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus, according to which the knowledge acquired shrinks to 20 percent without repetition until it is almost completely forgotten at some point.
The forgetting curve illustrates the degree of forgetting within a certain time. Ebbinghausen's results roughly say that we can only access 60 percent of what we have learned 20 minutes after learning. After an hour only 45 percent and after a day only 34 percent of what has been learned are in the memory. Six days after learning, in turn, the memory has already shrunk to 23 percent; only 15 percent of what has been learned is stored permanently.
If you only read, you don't learn. The attention span is too small for just reading. Keeping knowledge in mind means working with the material. To complete tasks or projects for this purpose or to report to third parties. Such an approach transfers knowledge to the brain and is stored there as "understood".
If you only read texts or your own notes, you should at least do so out loud. This at least increases the retention rate from 10 to 30 percent.
There are different types of learning, such as the auditory, visual or kinesthetic. Depending on the personal characteristics, learning materials should be designed for listening, viewing or experiencing - in the sense of experiencing. Today's distribution is as follows: 82 percent of people are visually inclined, 11 percent have to hear things in order to remember them, 4 percent have to smell them, 2 percent feel and 1 percent even taste them.
If you want to learn successfully, you have to plan this success. Starting with collecting the materials, through a schedule of when something will be learned, to the exam. Background: Structures provide security. Ideally, learners should plan backwards. The goal, such as an exam, is the starting point. From here, thematic learning packages should be distributed up to the current date. The plan also includes times for repetitions and solving exam questions.
Determine the place and time of learning
Whether at home or at work: if you want to learn, you should set a fixed place for it. Ideally combined with a fixed, regular study time. The intention behind this procedure is to outsmart the weaker self. If you manage to incorporate learning into your daily routine as a regular feature, such as brushing your teeth, you are on the right track. Overall, ritualization costs the learner less strength than the daily struggle with internal resistance.
A study group is the ideal solution, because this is where the tips mentioned above apply. The human being is a social being, the exchange of experiences motivates and strengthens the will. It therefore helps to learn continuously in a group, because the participants can support each other and social control takes effect on top of that, similar to running meetings. However, the upper limit of the participants should be a maximum of five learners, otherwise the individual will perish. A learning meeting is more successful if the learning objective is set in advance at each meeting and the participants bring their questions with them.
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