What months am I in my pregnancy?

Pregnancy Signs & Pregnancy Test

Signs of pregnancy: fatigue

Many women are now much more tired than they were before pregnancy. This is due to an increase in a hormone called progesterone, which has a sedating effect on the pregnant woman. The maternal progesterone is up to 10/11. Week of pregnancy formed from the corpus luteum, the transformed follicle to hold the pregnancy.

Signs of pregnancy: nausea

A well-known sign of pregnancy that is often experienced as very stressful is nausea. This usually occurs in early pregnancy - especially between the 6th to 12th week - and preferably in the morning with vomiting attacks, but it can manifest itself as repeated waves of nausea throughout the day, with or without food, or in the evening with swelling of the Body have its climax. In addition to multiple pregnancies, various metabolic and hormonal changes, such as thyroid disorders, can be the cause, which influence the level of the hormone level of the pregnancy hormone HCG. The nausea usually disappears at the end of the embryonic phase in the third month of pregnancy. In very rare cases, nausea lasts throughout pregnancy.

Although nausea is a negatively perceived symptom of the disease, it can be assessed as positive in connection with an early pregnancy, since with this sign one can assume a normal pregnancy development with a corresponding increase in HCG.

Coffee, cigarette smoke or other strong smells (such as perfumes) in particular, as well as certain foods, can cause nausea during pregnancy. Often the women affected cannot smell fatty, sour or spicy foods (let alone eat them), and meat, fish or eggs are often rejected. Sometimes just imagining the food is enough to trigger nausea. This has to do with the fact that pregnancy, especially in the early stages, brings about hormonal changes in the body that have an impact on the perception of taste and smell. These dislikes are normal and not worrying.

Nausea during pregnancy can be treated by oneself according to the symptoms. Against the morning vomiting, the rusks or crispbread help as soon as you wake up in bed. Since fruit and fruit juices, as well as carbonated drinks, cause nausea, the pregnant woman should avoid them. A sensible diet is just as important as dividing meals into more frequent and smaller portions and, of course, avoiding the foods or smells that cause nausea (no perfume, etc.). In addition, by pressing an acupuncture point in the middle of the inside of the upper arm - two cross fingers above the wrist -, with a so-called "sailor's band", with medical ginger candy or placing a fresh slice of ginger on the tongue and chewing a small hand 30 times full of hazelnuts often reduces nausea.

For pregnancy, it is important to understand that the milder cases of nausea are not an illness, but a pregnancy-specific change. Even if the nausea is uncomfortable, you can - temporarily - cope with it. For cases of severe nausea (vomiting gravidarum) there are also medications that can be taken during pregnancy and that do not harm the child. The gynecologist is the best contact here.

In the extreme form of pregnancy sickness (hyperemesis gravidarum), constant, violent vomiting is possible. This, as well as the low intake of food and liquid, leads to water loss and weight loss and, as a result, to a deterioration in the general condition of the pregnant woman. Affected women should be observed by a doctor and, if necessary, treated in hospital. In the case of very severe complaints, drugs are available whose effects on the unborn child have been classified as harmless in animal experiments and in large studies. These medicines require a prescription. Talk to your gynecologist and let him advise you whether and which medication makes sense for you.

Signs of pregnancy: dizziness

In addition to tiredness and nausea, dizziness can also occur. The body tries to adjust to the changed blood volume, the blood pressure usually falls in the first few months and the red blood cells for the oxygen supply to the body are not yet sufficiently formed. Standing in warm rooms for long periods of time, “waiting in line at the bakery” can lead to circulatory attacks. It helps to step on the spot and to improve the peripheral blood circulation through quick, repeated clenching of the fists. Little sleep, sedentary work and a lack of physical activity worsen the circulatory situation. Circulatory problems are a nuisance for the mother, but they are harmless to the child. Exercise, contrast showers, brush massages, and exercise are helpful.

Signs of pregnancy: cravings

Everyone knows the story of cravings for pickles alternating with amounts of ice cream during pregnancy. This cravings can be a sign of increased mineral needs, which is ultimately not understood.

Signs of pregnancy: discharge

Hormone changes during pregnancy lead to increased discharge. This vaginal discharge is usually colorless or white, odorless, and uncomfortable. The pregnant woman shouldn't worry.

However, if itching, unpleasant smell or bleeding occurs, she should see her gynecologist. There could be a bacterial infection that needs to be treated so as not to endanger the unborn child with germs. If it is a sexually transmitted disease, treatment from the partner is required.

Signs of pregnancy: hormonal changes

The hormonal balance that changes during pregnancy has a wide range of effects. Placental hormones (HCG, HPL, estrogens, progesterone) and maternal hormones (prolactin, FSH, LH, oxytocin, vasopressin, thyroid hormones, cortisone and cortisol, aldosterone, parathyroid hormone, insulin, somatotropic hormone) are important for pregnancy, which - not only in the body of a pregnant woman - have specific effects on the target organs. These messenger substances can have positive and negative effects on child development. The following changes can be observed in the pregnant woman:

  • Skin: Increased pigmentation in the pubic area around the nipple, as a dark vertical line on the abdominal wall, pigment spots on the face, intensification or sudden appearance of acne
  • Cardiovascular system: increase in blood volume, thereby initially thinning the blood; Increase in cardiac output, d. H. Increase in stroke volume and increase in heart rate; Decrease in blood pressure in the first 6 months; Decreased venous pressure, resulting in a tendency to varicose veins and thrombosis
  • Excretory organs: changes in kidney function with lowering of the elimination threshold for glucose and magnesium; The urinary tract is widened by the action of progesterone, thereby favoring ascending urinary tract infections
  • Digestive system: gestagen-related widening of the hollow organs, such as the stomach and intestines; by shifting through the growing uterus, constipation and gas can occur. Heartburn is caused by reflux and weakness of the diaphragm
  • Oral cavity: During pregnancy, hormonal and simultaneous changes in the immune response occur. This favors the development of oral mucosal inflammation, which can progress increasingly up to the end of pregnancy. Hormone-sensitive receptors increase the permeability of the oral mucosa, increase the flow of saliva and build up blood vessels and tissue growth. This often results in pseudo-pockets and swellings combined with a pH shift in the oral flora in favor of pathogenic germs. Pre-existing diseases of the mouth area can be significantly aggravated during pregnancy. A dental check-up is recommended in early and late pregnancy (e.g. in the 4th and 8th month).

Pregnancy Test - Am I Pregnant?

As early as six to nine days after fertilization, the doctor can use a pregnancy test to detect the pregnancy-preserving hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in the patient's blood. The female body produces it as soon as a fertilized egg is implanted in the lining of the uterus.

About a week later, HCG also appears in the urine of a pregnant woman, which she can check herself with a pregnancy test from the pharmacy or drugstore. The test is only reliable if a concentrated morning urine sample turns out positive. At this point, the test may be negative, as the detection limit of the pregnancy hormone in the urine has not yet been reached. If the test is negative, you may still be pregnant. The only reliable way to prove this is with the test from concentrated morning urine, which has the highest HCG concentration. A blood test at the gynecologist to detect the pregnancy hormone remains the exception in the event of an unclear course in early pregnancy.

If the test is positive, there is most likely a pregnancy, which should be confirmed by a visit to the gynecologist. No later than six weeks after the first day of the last menstruation, pregnancy can also be determined by an ultrasound examination.