What are some alternatives for lima beans

Overview of bean types

Reading time: 4 min

Overview of the most popular and well-known types of beans and beans

There are over 700 different types of beans, which makes it easy to lose track. They are available in all possible colors - from white, red, blue to brown, black and all intermediate levels. In addition, the large number of names for a type of bean is often confusing. In addition, they have different sizes, different flavors and special characteristics. How are you supposed to keep track of things? The following tables shed light on the dark and give you an overview of the best-known and most popular types of beans.

Origin & designation

Alternative name

Saxa, Jutta, Adriana, Blauhilde and Scuba - what do they all have in common? All beautiful first names? Not correct! These are different types of green beans, also known as fillet beans. These in turn belong to the species of French beans. It quickly becomes clear that beans can have different names. These result from different subspecies, growth forms and uses.

The origin of beans

What applies to rice here also applies to beans: the best growing areas in the world! Europe, Asia, Africa or America, practically the whole world is represented in bean cultivation.

You can read off alternative names and growing areas in the following table. The beans are arranged alphabetically.

Type of beanAlternative name origin
Broad beanBroad bean, broad bean, pork bean, fava bean, horse bean, cattle bean, fab bean, broad bean Asia
Adzuki bean- Japan
CowpeaCow Bean, Snake Bean, Blackeye Peas Africa
Borlotti bean- Middle and South America
Canellini bean- Italy
Edamame- Japan
Fire beanRunner bean, bug bean, Turkish bean, make-up bean Central America
Yellow beanWax bean America
Type of beanAlternative name origin
Goa beanWing bean Africa
Green beanVegetable bean Middle and South America
Kenya beanBroad bean Kenya
Kidney bean- Peru
Lima beanMoon bean Peru
Mung bean- India
Pinto beanQuail bean United States
Soybean- Japan / China
Black bean- Mexica

Excursus: Ingredients & preparation of beans

ingredients

Beans are generally full to the brim with minerals, vitamins and proteins. In addition, they are low in calories and many varieties are also very low in fat and high in fiber. So beans not only enhance the look of your dish, you also benefit from the nutrients!

Proper preparation of beans

Depending on the type of bean, the whole fruit is served with the pod or just the core. But it is important for all types of beans, that you not rawconsumed! The reason for this are the lectins it contains, which can have a negative effect on the human organism. Boiling, roasting or steaming breaks them down and makes the beans digestible. We also recommend that you cook the beans gently so that they retain as many nutrients as possible.

Taste, shape & special features

Use of sleeves & cores

A big and very general difference is the total or partial use of the fruit. While with some varieties, such as firebeans or kidney beans, only the kernels are consumed, with princess, wax, green or green beans, the pods are also placed on the plate. With the latter varieties, the entire fruit is used.

Differences in taste & appearance

Mild, nutty, sweet or slightly spicy, beans have different flavors. The shapes and sizes differ from one another at least as much: round, small, elongated, large or kidney-shaped. So that you don't have to have every single characteristic in mind, there is a clear table with tastes, sizes / shapes and special characteristics.

Type of beantasteSize / shapeSpecial features
Broad beanmild, slightly nutty round Firm, thick, inedible shell
Adzuki beansweet, nutty the size of a pea delicate shell
Cowpeasweetish tiny Have a pronounced stain
Borlotti beansweetish medium-sized Turns red when cooked
Canellini beanmild small Counts with white beans
Edamamesweet and nutty small & round It is the immature harvested soybean
Fire beanmild-spicy, nutty large, kidney-shaped Very robust against cold climates
Yellow beantender and mild slender and elongated Particularly tender and soft type of green bean
Goa beansweet (like sugar peas) elongated Very exotic, all parts are edible
Green beanneutral, mild long and thin soft fine shell
Type of beantaste Size / shape Special features
Kenya beanvery delicious knitting needle thin Green bean subspecies, stringless and seedless
Kidney beanvery spicy, sweetkidney shaped Owes its name to the shape (kidney = kidney) waxy
Lima beanmild, floury large Related to the green kidney bean
Mung beannutty-mild the size of a pea Very tender pods and therefore easy to digest
Pinto beanheartymedium-sized, flat and kidney-shaped The kernels turn pink when cooked and the peel is shiny beige
Soybeannutty different small, round and arched All-round talent (basis for tofu, soy oil, soy sauce, soy milk, etc.)
Black beanvery aromatic narrow and oval Unexpectedly bright interior, quite difficult to digest