How effective are reservists in a conflict?
Basic assignment: The aim is to maintain military capabilities
In 2019, the reserve's strategy stipulated that to cover the reserve's personnel requirements, basic recruiting of all outgoing soldiers should be introduced. After the organizational preparations have been completed, the basic order will now be implemented on October 1, 2021. The DBwV closely followed the development of the reserve strategy and provides the most frequently asked questions and answers on the subject.
You can find the complete and continuously updated edition of the FAQ on basic ordering as a member of our community.
What is the basic order?
The basic order or GBO is the basic planning of all soldiers of the Bundeswehr who are fit for military service and who are leaving active service in the reserve for a period of six years. Those leaving are assigned to a post according to the needs of the armed forces, where they can use the skills they have acquired in active service as effectively and close to home as possible.
What does eligibility for military service mean?
Eligibility for military service means the availability of a reservist under military law. In this sense, you are available if you have the necessary health and there is no military service obstacle. Such barriers to service can be: the exclusion of services due to a criminal judgment (Section 65 Soldiers Act), the exemption from services, for example as a full-time clergyman (Section 66 Soldiers Act) or a postponement of services, e.g. due to particular personal hardship (Section 67 Soldiers Act) .
As a resigning soldier, doesn't the basic assignment create new obligations for me?
The basic assignment does not result in any additional obligations for the reservists. However, it is to be ensured that qualified soldiers will be available as reservists in the future in the event of standby, tension or defense. In addition, the soldiers should already know their assignment service positions when they retire from active service so that they do not have to be assigned in the event of a crisis. (You can find out more on the informative website of the BMVg - at the end of the page there are a few more questions and answers.)
What does the basic order mean for the rest of my service time?
Your military service is responsible for providing you with information about the basic order and must also provide appropriate briefing. In coordination with the Federal Office for Personnel Management of the Bundeswehr, you will be assigned a dispatch post. If necessary, additional military training will take place towards the end of your period of service in order to prepare you for assignment. An example of this are the volunteers doing military service in homeland security, who are to receive additional training in the area of property protection and security tasks.
What does the GBO mean for my professional development measures?
Since the basic assignment does not involve any obligation to perform reserve services, you will not have to interrupt your training for reservist service. Your order association will regularly submit offers to you for short services for the purpose of military training. Important: If you have acquired a new educational or professional qualification with the completion of the training measure, you must inform the Bundeswehr career center responsible for you locally. This is part of your duties as a former soldier within the framework of the so-called service monitoring according to § 77 Soldiers Act.
What does the basic order mean for my civilian profession?
For you as a resigned soldier, civil-professional integration has the highest priority. It is the concern of the Bundeswehr to ensure that your return to civilian work is compatible with continued military training and further training.
What about my income while on the reservist service?
For reservist services, you are entitled to the benefits under the Maintenance Assurance Act. These will not be counted towards your transition fees. Any lost work income or income from self-employment will be replaced within the framework of the Maintenance Assurance Act.
Do I have to inform my employer?
You are required to inform your civilian employer of your reservist status and the basic assignment, but you are not obliged to do so. Before performing reserve services, your employer must give his consent and release you. The Bundeswehr tries to provide contact persons for the employers of the former soldiers and offers information material for employers.
What does the basic order mean for my family?
Reference should be made here to the fact that reservist services are generally voluntary. The Bundeswehr has a great interest in making it possible to reconcile family and private matters with its commitment as a reservist. For this reason, too, assignments within the framework of the basic assignment should, if possible, be made in the reservist's regional living environment.
Am I also affected by the basic assignment as a volunteer military service provider (FWDL)?
Yes. The basic order affects all resigning soldiers regardless of their status (FWDL, SaZ, BS). This does not apply to aptitude practitioners whose aptitude exercise ended without being accepted as a temporary soldier. Please note the limit age of 57 years. Since a period of six years is set for the basic assignment, there should be no conflict with the age limit for reservist services (65 years) and the regulations of the conscription law. Accordingly, soldiers who retire from the age of 57 are no longer included in the basic appointment. However, you are free to commit to the reserve.
Does the basic order extend my service obligation?
No, both the duty to provide services under Section 59 of the Soldiers Act (up to 60 years of age at the most) and the age limit for reservist services (65 years of age) are not affected by the basic requirement.
Am I obliged to do reservist services?
Outside of the case of tension and defense, you are currently not subject to any obligation to serve as a reserve. Referrals are only on a voluntary basis. The strategy of the reserve states in no. 5.2.2: "The principle of voluntariness of the reservist service outside of standby, tension or defense situations is adhered to."
What does voluntariness mean?
Voluntariness has been the key principle for reservist services since compulsory military service was suspended in 2011. Any engagement as a reservist is therefore dependent on your personal readiness.
Do I have to do a security clearance?
As a reservist who is intended to provide a service based on his or her basic assignment, you will be required to complete a level 1 security check (the so-called assignment security check). The legal basis for this is Section 3a Reservists Act. This new regulation is currently still in the parliamentary legislative process, but it is foreseeable that it will come into force at the beginning of the basic appointment. The purpose of the regulation is to keep people who do not guarantee to stand up for the free democratic basic order at any time from the privilege of continued military training and further education.
I do not want to work as a reservist after the end of my term of service - what can I do?
If you do not intend to work as a reservist, it is up to you not to respond to offers made by your unit to perform reservist services.
Who can answer further questions?
You can obtain further information from your department, the central personnel management of the reserve (BAPersBw Department VI) and, as a member of the German Armed Forces Association, from the legal department, which you can contact by e-mail ([email protected]) or by calling the Service Center at (030 ) 25 92 60 22 22 reach.
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