What are the different types of fishing

The main fishing methods

The fishing rod

The structure of a fishing rod, the assembly, very often consists of a fishing rod to which a reel is attached within easy reach. This reel takes the so-called main line, with a thickness of about 0.15 millimeters to about one millimeter, depending on the type of fishing.

The reel is often equipped with a brake that releases line if the fish has too much resistance to prevent the line from breaking. Usually with a swivel joint, the swivel, a thinner leader with hooks is attached to the line. The hook is provided with a bait.

In some types of fishing, an artificial bait is attached directly to the vertebral joint. When the fish snatches the bait, that is, "bites" it, the fishing rod is "hit" with a measured jerk, that is, the hook is anchored in the fish's mouth.

Pole fishing

Pole fishing is fishing with a float as a bite indicator, also known as a pose. When a fish takes the bait, the float goes down or up. The float is usually attached to the main line and is finely balanced by a bit of lead that is clamped to the leader.

If the bait is to be offered deeper than the length of the rod, a so-called running float is loosely attached and the bait can sink until a stopper slows it down to the predetermined depth.

Depending on the size of the hook, almost anything that might interest fish can be used as bait, from small balls of dough to maggots and worms to large, dead bait fish. Almost any fish can be captured with the pole, from the surface to the bottom.

The water must not move too much for the angler to notice a fish bite. Special pole rods without a reel, known as poles, can be up to 13 meters long thanks to modern carbon fibers.

Bottom fishing

In waters with a current or as a second rod, some anglers often want to lay their bait in a fixed location close to the bottom as a bite indicator without a pose. The ground rod is ideal for this. The bait is then held to the bottom by a lead weight that is freely attached to the main line and lies directly in the area of ​​the vortex when it is cast.

However, it is problematic to recognize the bite if the angler does not want to keep the rod or line in his hand all the time. If you attach a stopper one to two meters away from the vertebra, the fish can only cover this distance with the bait. A jerk goes through the rod, the tip trembles. If you attach a bell to it, this signals the bite even in the dark.

Modern optical-electronic bite indicators, which allow much more inconspicuous assemblies, react much more finely. Even when bottom fishing, a large number of fish species can be captured, depending on the bait, from small coarse fish to large predatory fish such as pike and catfish.


This method is aimed against predatory fish that hunt other fish from time to time or on a regular basis. These include brown and rainbow trout, char, salmon, sea trout, chub, asp, perch, pikeperch, pike and catfish.

The fishing rod consists of a 1.80 to three meter long rod, an easy-to-use reel and a main line that is between 0.2 and 0.7 millimeters thick, depending on the size of the bait. A swivel with a carabiner is attached to the end. Artificial bait can be hooked into these, which lead the predatory fish to believe that it is a prey fish.

For this purpose, the bait is thrown out and cranked up again as realistically as possible, i.e. based on a real fish movement. Various designs can be used as bait: Turn signals are curved metal plates with triple hooks. In spinners, after which the method is named, a metal plate rotates around a longitudinal axis.

Wobblers reproduce young fish quite realistically and perform real swimming movements under water. Rubber fish on a jig-headed hook hop across the ground like a terminally ill fish with imbalance.

Fly fishing

With this method the angler does not try to catch flies at all. Rather, artificial baits are used, which sometimes imitate insects living on or in the water in a surprisingly realistic manner. These baits are very light and fine. Therefore, the method is designed to offer the fine bait to the fish as realistically as possible.

No lead weight is used in fly fishing. The weight necessary for the cast is provided by the main line, which is covered with a flexible plastic coating. The fly rod is very flexible and its spring force is used to keep the main line in the air by swings back and forth over a length of ten to 20 meters.

At the desired point, the line is placed so gently that the extremely delicate leader with the artificial fly lands on the surface of the water like a natural insect. If the fish is hooked, the line is often not cranked in with the reel, but drawn in by hand.

The complicated casting technique discourages many anglers from fly fishing. But if you master it, you can catch not only all trout and salmon, but also many non-coarse fish such as roach and barbel. Even pike can be caught with appropriate feather baits that mimic fish.

Sea fishing

In German waters, sea fishing is practiced in two main ways: Either from the beach with long ground rods for flatfish or from a boat or fishing cutter. Heavy spinning rods are often used from the boat. Artificial bait weighing 50 to 200 grams, called pirk, is then attached to this.

You no longer throw such heavy bait at great distances, but let it down close to the bottom and move it by raising and lowering the rod. In this way you can catch cod, pollak and similar fish hunting on the bottom at depths of ten to 100 meters.

Schooling fish such as mackerel can be captured with a lead weight and natural bait attached to side rigs or hooks decorated with plastic flags or rubber fish. But conger, cod and other fish living on the bottom also accept this bait.

Author: Vladimir Rydl