What are some common myths about Mississippi
Atlantis was near Heligoland. Or was Ceylon the legendary island? Perhaps the mythical realm was lost in the Sahara sands. Holland is also an option - according to a number of Atlantis books - but also the Caucasus, Svalbard, Palestine, Crimea, Sweden, South Africa, Prussia, the Arctic or Nigeria, and of course the Bahamas. Some authors consider the Atlanteans to be Goths. Or were they Gauls, Druids, Scythians, Egyptians or descendants of gods? The world was settled from Atlantis, it is said, Mexico like Africa, the Pacific coast of South America like the Mississippi Delta. The Aztecs supposedly had something to do with Atlantis - and ancient Egypt was its pure reproduction. Crete was also discussed once. And the geoarchaeologist Eberhard Zangger moved the mystical island to Troy in his books Atlantis and The Future of the Past. As the search continues, other experts argue whether Atlantis ever existed. Where did all the trouble start? The aged Plato (427 to 347 BC) wanted to present the history of mankind from the origins to his highly civilized time. Above all, in view of the bad conditions in Athens of his time, he wanted to describe the exemplary state with ideal people and ideal behavior. Instead, Plato, who was more concerned with the philosophical than the historical truth, presented Atlantis in two dialogues: a “mighty power that had set out from the Atlantic Ocean and, in its arrogance, moved against all of Europe and Asia at the same time”. The original Athenians were pretty much the only ones who opposed the onslaught: They were victorious, but then "terrible earthquakes and floods occurred, there was a single terrible day and night when your (the Athenian) entire war power was gone devoured the earth, and likewise the island of Atlantis sank in the sea and disappeared. "
Plato's dialogues Timaeus and Critias are the only sources for the Atlantean myth - an ideal breeding ground for speculation: pure poetry or a grain of historical truth? The distant echo of the flood myths or a vehicle for transporting a new Plato idea - like the thinker's cave of shadows, which no one is looking for? Why do you really have to know whether and where a myth was reality? Why does a riddle always have to be solved? Man's greed to cross boundaries apparently leaves him no other option. His curiosity is evidently just as withdrawn from his controlling consciousness as hunger and thirst from the controllable nervous system. There is nothing wrong with that, because without curiosity and crossing borders there would be no progress. But: what do we do with the new knowledge? Anyone who knows has lost their innocence and can no longer retreat to the comfortable standpoint: I was just doing research. Some myths give birth to "definitive" books every year. Atlantis has been part of it for generations, for example The Lost Atlantis by Martin Freksa and Atlantis - Story of a Utopia by Burchard Brentjes. The flood, with which every submerged high culture is associated, is also popular. The oldest evidence of a human-devouring water catastrophe can be found in the Sumerian Epic Gilgamesh, which takes place in the third millennium BC.
Last year the two American geophysicists Walter Pitman and William Ryan “deciphered the riddle” (subtitle) in Deluge. For them, the great flood did not take place in Mesopotamia, but was an abrupt spill over of the Mediterranean into the Black Sea: 7,600 years ago the oceans rose so tremendously as a result of the end of the Ice Age that the salty Mediterranean water with elemental force into the deeper freshwater basin of the Black Sea The sea thundered, everything on the edge and in the vicinity of this blooming oasis - the Garden of Eden? - destroyed and drove people away. Was this how agriculture and culture were spread in the Middle East? Was the flood of the Gilgamesh epic just the result of a collective memory of this catastrophe? The authors have compiled pretty much everything that could support their thesis in terms of archaeological, genetic and linguistic evidence. Years ago, however, two other Americans wanted to use the same power of persuasion to push the flood “from myth to historical truth”. For the geologists Alexander and Edith Tollmann, it was clear: And the flood did happen. For them, the great flood was a global event and resulted from a meteorite impact 9545 years ago. Stimulate puzzles - who wants to judge? Every objection creates contradiction - and all interpreters of myths lay claim to the ultimate truth: this is how new myths are created. The myths are part of being human, whether experienced or fabricated. For around 20 years, social researchers have been observing a "remythization" of western cultures in particular. Because: The European Enlightenment has been forgotten - science has not lived up to its claim to explain everything and to do everything better. The isolated and insecure person looks for support in the interpretations of life in ancient cultures. That is difficult and often ends in flat esotericism. Now the scientifically proven authenticity of the Turin shroud may be a support for faith. Other myths are misused or trivialized: In Crete, two places claim to be the birth cave of Zeus, the Greek father of the gods. Israel and Jordan fight about the true, archaeologically tangible place of baptism of Christ. Almost every year, the grave of Alexander the Great is located in a different, touristically important location. Troy, on the other hand, has become a reality. The hanging gardens of the Semiramis were said to have been found in Babylon - until a closer examination of the structure revoked the title. In the Oasis of Shisr in Oman, the high-tech satellite archeology meant to have tracked down the golden, shimmering, arrogant and therefore devoured incense metropolis of Ubar of the Koran - nobody wants to know anything about that today either (Bild der Wissenschaft, 9/1990: “The Holy Stones Omani "). There is still a dispute about the location of the Varus Battle (The Varus Battle - Anatomy of a Myth). The location of the Grail is still being searched for (Celts, Druids and King Arthur). The settlement of Australia again and again attracts adventurers in reed boats on the water (Nale Tasih - A raft trip into the Stone Age). How the signs of Nazca came about is known - but scholars argue about why people scraped pictures in the Chilean desert floor that can only be recognized from the air (Nasca - mysterious signs in ancient Peru).
The long-running riddles among the riddles are the Egyptian pyramids: Why, for Osiris ‘sake, were they built? How in Isis' name was it built? Every year at least one book comes out, mostly self-published, that wants to give a crystal clear answer. Only the archaeologists say modestly: We do not know how the top of the pyramids was put on. Why didn't the otherwise talkative ancient Egyptians leave a message about it either! Even these, at first glance, rather technical puzzles of the past lead to the core of all human questions: Why are we there? Where do we come from Where do we go? In the anthology The Book of Myths of All Times, of All Nations, Helma Marx analyzed the dichotomy of the human world: “People perceive things in the outside world with their senses. You feel and touch it, or you see and hear it ... But you suspect that there are still invisible areas and beings behind the visible things that can affect you. You feel exposed to an invisible world that is just as real as the visible world. "
But this creates something that man in his madness can hardly or not at all endure: there is obviously a world that he cannot dispose of at will. It's annoying and scary. The myths are the communication of mankind about this world. And maybe they are the way to this other level. So if you want to banish fear, you have to disenchant the myths. If you want to assert yourself, you have to solve the riddle. But be careful: The Mayan gods clouded people's eyes when they realized that their creatures were as clever as they were. And the first Christian people were driven out of paradise when they nibbled on the tree of knowledge.
The Garden of Eden - another myth that has not been unveiled. What else can you think of?
Eberhard Zangger The future of the past Schneekluth, 1998, DM 44, -
Eberhard Zangger Atlantis Droemer (out of print)
Platon Philebos, Timaios, Kritias Insel Paperback No. 1408 1991, DM 24.80
Martin Freksa The lost Atlantis Klöpfer and Meyer 1997, DM 49.80
Burchard Brentjes Atlantis - History of a Utopia Dumont, Cologne 1994 (out of print)
Walter Pitman, William Ryan Deluge Gustav Lübbe Verlag 1999, DM 42, -
Alexander and Edith Tollmann And Knaur did the flood in 1995, DM 16.90
Manfred Millhoff The Varus Battle - Anatomy of a Myth Frieling & Partner, Berlin 1995 (out of print)
Geoffrey Ashe Celts, Druids and King Arthur Mythology of the British Isles Walter-Verlag 1997 DM 49.80
Robert G. Bednarik, Martin Kuckenburg Nale Tasih - A raft trip into the Stone Age Thorbecke 1999 DM 59, -
Nasca - Mysterious characters in the Old Peru Museum Rietberg 1999, SFr 58, -
Helma Marx The book of myths of all times, of all peoples Diederichs Verlag 1999, DM 49.80
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