How are graphic t-shirts made

JSF - edukacyjne info

Finding nearby retail chains and stores for a new t-shirt with an interesting pattern is an extremely interesting activity for many people. After all, it is not without reason that we encounter crowds in shopping malls that are known for their high-quality clothing stores. But how many people wonder how the different types of t-shirts are actually made? It turns out that t-shirts with prints are made in extremely interesting ways, and there are a lot of production options by the same method. Many people will likely be surprised how extensive the method of making t-shirt prints is.

Hot printing process

For many years the vast majority of t-shirts were made using some type of heat press. The whole process is based on pressing the prints that will adhere to the finished t-shirt. The sheet was designed to transfer the prepared inscription onto a T-shirt. The entire process begins with the plotter cutting out a pattern that has been selected for the production of a series of specified T-shirts Correspondingly separated sheets of the machine prepare different colors that will soon be used for printing on T-shirts. The ready-to-print elements prepared in this way are placed on a flat surface together with the T-shirt. When the printing machine presses the elements intended for printing, the heat begins to fuse the printing elements with the material of the T-shirt placed on the printing machine. High temperatures bond the adhesive and the material of the T-shirt so it can stay intact for as long as possible.


If you run your hand over the finished product, you can feel the convex surface very clearly. This is the area where the glue joins the print on the shirt. Unlike some of the more advanced manufacturing processes, in this case the print doesn't become an integral part of the t-shirt. It is simply glued to the piece of fabric with which it was pressed under the influence of high temperatures.


Despite the fact that the method doesn't seem difficult to perform, the process is as effective as possible. T-shirt prints made this way don't degrade too quickly. They do not begin to fold and expand after washing. Some manufacturers have always joked that printed vinyl will last longer than the t-shirt itself. The vinyl printing decoration method is especially profitable for companies that order prints. This is an economical method that does not require the use of many t-shirts. Due to the lack of mass production, the machine can even do some prepared parts in no time. Unfortunately, in addition to simplicity and economy, there is also a disadvantage. This method allows you to print a limited number of colors; prints made this way usually need to be done in simple primary colors.

A method known as screen printing

According to many experts, nothing in the t-shirt printing industry works as well as solid screen printing on a t-shirt. Above all, the ink printed on the surface of the T-shirts using the screen printing process is extremely durable. When properly prepared, this ink not only rests on the surface of the T-shirt material, but also penetrates inside. Thick screen printing can fuse with the T-shirt and become part of the T-shirt, making damage much more difficult. Manufacturers who use the screen printing process rely on designs prepared using graphic computer programs. The prints themselves are first made in the form of an emulsion that is applied to the material. Due to the fact that the project is computer prepared, the product is extremely flexible in the pre-planning phase. However, it turns out to be an expensive process. Screen printing t-shirts are labor-intensive in addition to the cost. This method is only suitable for mass production. Otherwise, the use of screen printing does not make sense due to the high costs.


There is also an alternative to screen printing, in which special inks are applied to the sheets, which transfer the appropriate shapes and colors to the surface of the shirts. This alternative is actually a picture made by screen printing onto a strip of paper. This paper is then attached to the t-shirt. The final step is to use a heat press that permanently attaches the finished printed paper to the t-shirt under high pressure.


One of the main advantages of the alternative method is the fact that it can be used to make several finished sheets that will later be used to make T-shirts with prints. Thanks to this, manufacturers can first prepare the designs themselves, and only then take care of the T-shirts to which they attach them. Instead of keeping t-shirts of all sizes in your store, you can only print the appropriate model after the customer places an order.