How long does a Turkey live
Welcome to the website of the Federal Foreign Office
You can find useful information for emigrants to Turkey on the website of the Federal Administration Office.
Right of residence
German citizens can stay in Turkey for up to 90 days without a visa. If a stay of more than 90 days is planned, a residence permit should be applied for at the responsible Turkish diplomatic mission in Germany before entering the country.
Initial and extension applications to obtain a residence permit can be made online. The online portal of the Directorate-General for Migration can be found here: GGMM online portal
Types of residence permits
The requirements for the residence permit depend on the type of residence permit sought. Depending on the purpose of your stay, you can apply for a short-term, family, study or long-term residence permit. The period of validity of the residence permit can vary depending on the type of residence permit. Detailed information can be found in the Turkish Law on Foreigners and International Protection (Law No. 6458).
Alien identity number
Foreigners who have a residence permit (“İkamet Tezkeresi”) of at least 6 months will receive a foreigner identity number (“Yabancı Kimlik Numarası”).
The activated foreigner identity number is important to use the services of authorities, private institutions or hospitals.
To find out which identification number has been assigned to you, you can use the online verification system of the Directorate-General for Citizenship and Civil Status Matters at the following link: Foreigner Identity Number
Legal basis of a work permit
The Turkish Work Permit Act for Foreigners (Act No. 4817) stipulates that foreign citizens who apply for a work permit for the first time must apply for a work permit at the Turkish consulates general in Germany. Foreigners who have a valid residence permit or their employers can also apply for a work permit in Turkey at the Ministry of Labor and Social Security ("Çalışma ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanlığı").
Work permits can initially be issued for a limited period of one year. If the foreigner fulfills certain statutory requirements, a permanent work permit is also possible.
Work permit legitimizes the residence
The possession of a valid work permit or the exemption from it at the same time legitimizes the stay in Turkey. A separate application for a residence permit is then not necessary.
Job access / employment restrictions
The exercise of certain professions such as lawyer, notary, pharmacist, judge is still limited to Turkish citizens. By contrast, foreign doctors and nurses have been able to practice their medical work in private clinics since the end of 2011. There are special provisions for professions in engineering, architecture and tourism. Turkish citizenship is required for employment as a civil servant. Exceptions apply to owners of a “Mavi-Kart”. Please read about this under the bullet point"Right of Residence" further.
Statutory health insurance
German health insurance
The possession of a valid work permit or the exemption from it at the same time legitimizes the stay in Turkey. A separate application for a residence permit is then not necessary
Benefits from the social security agreement between Germany and Turkey are only provided in state hospitals.
Therefore, please bear in mind that your statutory health insurance does not cover all medical expenses for a stay abroad. It is therefore advisable to take out private health insurance for travel abroad.
On the website of the Federal Ministry of Health you will find an online guide to health insurance and the insurance coverage applicable abroad: Online guide
Turkish health insurance
There is general compulsory health insurance in Turkey. Even foreigners who are not only staying temporarily in Turkey can or must, in certain cases, join the Turkish statutory health insurance. Here you can download the online guide of the Turkish social security: Yabancılar İçin Genel Sağlık Sigortası (General Health Insurance For Foreigners)
All information is based on the knowledge and assessments of the embassy at the time the text was written. No guarantee is given for the completeness and correctness, in particular due to changes that have occurred in the meantime.
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