What should safety training include

Mot. Two-wheelers

Most motorcyclists do not ride their two-wheeled vehicles during the winter, and many sign it off for the coldest months. But the winter break is more than just a subjective feeling of not using the motorcycle for too long. In order to ensure your own safety and driving pleasure, the two-wheeler and driver must be prepared for the season. The motorcycle and motorcycle clothing must be checked and the driver and passenger should also be prepared. If you are not very familiar with your vehicle, you should bring your motorcycle to a workshop for the spring check-up.

What to look for in a motorcycle:
Motorcycle wash:

Start the season with a thorough cleaning of the bike. However, do not use a high-pressure cleaner, as this can damage seals. Wash your two-wheeler with a sponge and lukewarm water. Leaks are more visible on a clean motorcycle.

Battery and electrics:
Charge the battery with a suitable charger. Not every charger is suitable for motorcycle batteries. When installing the battery, make sure to connect the plus (red cable) and then the minus (black cable) to avoid short circuits. If the battery is not maintenance-free, the acid content should be checked and, if necessary, distilled water topped up. Check horn and lights.

Tires / air pressure:
With two-wheelers in particular, driving behavior and driving safety depend to a large extent on the tires. Therefore, the tires must be treated with particular care. Check the air pressure, age and tread depth and search the tires for foreign objects.

Chain:
Check the chain tension and spray the chain with chain grease.

Handlebar:
The handlebars shouldn't be too stiff after the winter break. This could indicate damage to the stand. In addition, the steering head should not have any play - in both cases it is strongly advised to go to a workshop.

Brakes:
Are the brake lines tight? Check the thickness of the brake pads and the level of the brake fluid in the expansion tank - the brake fluid must be replaced every 2 years. Attention: Care products and lubricants must not get on the brake discs and brake pads!

Oil and fuel:
Check the oil level. An oil change is good for the motorcycle after the long winter break (let the engine warm up beforehand). Check the tightness of the fuel line and the function of the fuel tap and fuel gauge.

Fixings and cables:
Pay attention to kinks, chafing and cracks in the lines, rubber parts and Bowden cables and replace the defective part if necessary. Check that the footrests and rearview mirror are secure.

What you should pay attention to as a driver:
What applies to machines also applies to people: After the winter break, you have to get used to motorcycling again in terms of your driving style and responsiveness. Enjoyment and safety while riding a motorcycle essentially depend on the exercise. First, do a few run-in exercises. Ride at walking pace, it is safer to ride with light rear brakes. Drive a stretch in slalom, this is a good exercise for the interaction of gas, clutch and brakes. Do some braking exercises from different speeds. Do steering exercises at different speeds. Many bikers have to get used to the fact that the steering angle is in the direction of travel at speeds of up to 25 km / h and against the direction of travel at higher speeds. After these exercises, you should first take short trips on familiar routes in order to get a feel for the machine and its properties again.

Drive carefully:
In spring frost damage can have damaged the road surface. Warning: even drivers have to get used to the two-wheelers again. Drivers often overlook bikers or misjudge their speed. Therefore drive with foresight and defensively and avoid staying too long at the same height as the car driver and thus in the blind spot. If the traffic situation is unclear or confusing, reduce your speed and increase your willingness to brake.

Motorcycle clothing:
Your life depends on the safety of your motorcycle clothing as well as on the safety of your machine. If you do fall, your clothes are the only thing between you and the asphalt. Textile or leather suits, boots, helmets and gloves are essential for the safety of the driver and passenger. Here, too, it must be checked whether the clothing still meets the requirements: Is the clothing still fully functional and does it still fit? Particular attention should be paid to the helmet: the visor must not have any scratches, as these extremely impair visibility when driving in the rain or at night. A scratched visor should therefore be replaced.