How do I reduce my dandruff

What Really Helps Against Dandruff?

Know what!

Before you start fighting dandruff, it's important to know what type of dandruff you have. After all, this will determine the remedy you want to use to get rid of the dandruff. If you use an oily dandruff remedy for a dry scalp, it can get worse. You degrease the already dry scalp even further and get even more dry dandruff. In general, dandruff is not a problem of the hair, but of the scalp. The top layer, like the skin on the entire body, renews itself every four weeks. The dead skin cells are shed off. This is completely normal. If, however, the cells renew themselves more quickly or the dead cells are only rejected after a delay, then the scales can clump together, become larger and visibly begin to trickle.

Dry dandruff

The white dandruff is usually caused by a dry scalp, heated air in winter, drying shampoos and care products, blow dryers or even when it's very hot in summer. Women are just as often affected here as men. Dry dandruff also occurs with certain diseases, for example psoriasis or neurodermatitis. Stress can also promote the formation of dry dandruff. Because our body generally reacts to stress by accelerating the metabolic processes. Therefore, the scalp is renewed faster and more dandruff is created. Hairdressers also warn against washing your hair too often. The active washing substances also irritate the scalp.

Greasy dandruff

Increased sebum production results in yellow, greasy flakes. They are usually larger than dry flakes and feel oily. They're sticky and won't knock off easily. This favors the growth of certain yeasts, for example Malassezia furfur or Pityrosporum. Although they are part of the normal skin flora, they become uncomfortable with dandruff. Tiny foci of inflammation and large sebum glands in the scalp allow them to grow better. That makes the skin even more sensitive. The consequences: redness and itching. Oily dandruff is often a result of genetic makeup. They are also particularly common in connection with hormone fluctuations or hormone overproduction.

Natural means

A dry scalp needs moisture, nutrients and vitamins. You can get this with olive or avocado oil. In fact, beer also provides optimal care for your dry scalp. Coltsfoot is also said to help against dry dandruff and an inflamed scalp.

If you suffer from greasy dandruff, tea tree oil or lemon juice can help. Apple cider vinegar is one of the few remedies that is believed to help both types of dandruff. On the one hand, the vinegar cleanses an oily scalp very effectively right into the pores. This clears blocked sebum glands. On the other hand, the vinegar soothes a dry scalp and relieves itching. Thyme, juniper or rosemary are also used in natural cosmetics. The herbs are also said to have an antibacterial effect and thus reduce dandruff. Pansy tea is also recommended as a hair conditioner. You can find the right preparation or use of the natural helpers on the Internet or you can get advice from a health food store or similar shops.

Anti-dandruff shampoos

In a test by Stiftung Warentest in October 2017, all of the eleven tested anti-dandruff shampoos fought dandruff well. This is primarily due to the ingredients. In addition to the usual ingredients that almost all shampoos contain - 80 percent water, surfactants, care products, preservatives - the list of effective anti-dandruff products includes piroctone olamine, salicylic acid, climbazole, zinc pyrition or selenium disulfide. These chemicals work against yeasts, are antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and slow down cell division. In this way, they work against the causes of dandruff. However, they do not combat the problems that arise deep within the skin. After an initial reduction in dandruff, the anti-dandruff shampoo should therefore be used permanently once or twice a week, alternating with the mildest possible shampoo.

Salt, water, little stress

A vacation by the sea can also be effective against dandruff. Sun and salt water counteract an oily and inflammatory scalp. And relaxation on vacation also helps. Leave your scalp as natural as possible and do not stress it with lots of beauty products such as conditioners, tints or other hair treatments. Logically, this also applies to everyday life at home. Make sure there is a healthy indoor climate in the workplace too. And irritate your scalp as little as possible. That means wearing your hat in cold weather, rain and strong sunlight, otherwise lots of fresh air. Comb the hair only with intact brushes or combs, nothing that scratches. The hair dryer also attacks the sensitive scalp, so do not blow-dry too hot or air dry.

Have permanent cases clarified

If your dandruff doesn't go away after more than a month of trying it on yourself, or if coin-shaped scaly patches remain, then you should definitely see a doctor. Then a serious illness such as psoriasis, neurodermatitis or white skin cancer can be behind the problem. Caution: individual substances, regardless of whether they are natural or artificial, can cause skin irritation or itching in allergy sufferers.


Anyone who wants to do something about dandruff is well advised to use special shampoos and natural products from health food stores and drugstores. Most of them have good anti-dandruff properties. However, your own lifestyle can ensure that dandruff does not become a problem at all: Do not wash your hair every day, do not use too many care products, do not blow-dry too hot and also put your feet up more often, because stress can certainly promote the formation of dandruff. If the dandruff is genetic, you have to use the appropriate remedies permanently, because such dandruff like to come back.