Can Trump order the invasion of Iran
War in Afghanistan: Donald Trump manages what Barack Obama failed
After almost 19 years of war, the USA and the Taliban finally reach an agreement. President Trump is drawing conclusions from the failure that cost thousands of soldiers their lives.
How does a war start? Out of anger and hurt pride and the overwhelming urge for revenge, as after September 11, 2001 with the attack on the Twin Towers in New York and the Pentagon in Washington. How does a war end? When the warring parties are exhausted and there are no more reasons to continue.
Donald Trump had an agreement drawn up with the Taliban, which is now coming about. Two presidents before him had the same intention, but had failed because of it. He succeeded. It is no coincidence that the agreement in Doha comes at just the right time in an election year, but it is legitimate.
The US will withdraw militarily from Afghanistan. The Taliban promise that they will not give refuge to mujahideen leaders like Osama bin Laden again. A national transitional government of moderate forces is to be formed, then there will be a Loja Jirga, a large council of all political forces and tribes, whereupon an election could take place if all goes well.
All warring parties are exhausted
There is a lot of wishful thinking involved, especially since the Taliban and the Ghani government are crazy enemies. The hope for peace is based above all on the fact that the warring parties are exhausted and drained and none of them can win the war. The Taliban control around two-thirds of the country, but cannot conquer Kabul as long as the US has air sovereignty. The Ghani government is on the defensive and has no military access to the country. An end to violence is in everyone's interest. Which does not mean for a long time that the conflict cannot flare up again at any time.
For the US, the war in Afghanistan began in 2001 and lasted almost 19 years. For Afghanistan, however, the war began as early as 1979 with the invasion of the Red Army and therefore lasted for more than 40 years. The Soviet Union tried to create conditions according to its ideas in the Hindu Kush. At that time the world was still divided, and the USA behaved like a world power that wants to harm the other world power.
The United States supplied weapons and missiles to young Muslim warriors whom no one in the West had ever heard of: the Taliban. They fought the Red Army and shot their helicopters from the sky with Stinger missiles supplied by the CIA. The Taliban waged an asymmetrical war in the interests of the United States.
Taliban fighters surrender their weapons: At the beginning of February, 28 radical Islamic fighters laid down their weapons. (Source: imago images)
On February 15, 1989, the invasion was over. The Red Army withdrew 15,000 dead later. An estimated one million civilians had died and two million Afghans were displaced. Soon after, the wall fell and the world looked to Berlin and Prague, to Vilnius and Budapest. Just not to Afghanistan, this strange country where Alexander the Great, the British and now the Soviet Union had failed.
The Taliban captured Kabul in the slipstream of events. They set up their ancient regiment, banished women to their homes and expelled girls from schools. When they destroyed the Buddha statues in Bamiyan in March 2001, the world first became aware of these atavistic iconoclasts, who also offered a home to the Saudi warrior Osama bin Laden and his mercenary troops from Central Asia, Arabia and Egypt.
Bin Laden's stay in Pakistan only happened by chance
The war in Afghanistan began for the USA in the fall of 2001. The war was a campaign of revenge for the attacks in New York, Shanksville and Washington, and only to that extent a success. The US troops drove out Osama bin Laden and the Taliban. They didn't have to flee far. The Pakistani secret service offered them security in his country. It was more or less by chance that bin Laden was found in Abbottabad, and so the Navy Seals were able to assassinate him in May 2011. Barack Obama had given the order.
The then US President Barack Obama (2nd from left) with high-ranking employees in the Situation Room of the White House: In May 2011, the Islamist Osama bin Laden was executed by US special forces in Pakistan. (Source: imago images)
This war lasted almost 19 years. Illusions were dispelled that Afghanistan could become a democracy, that Afghanistan would flourish with money from the West, economically and politically. The United States invested three quadrillion dollars. 650,000 soldiers rotated in and out. Around 3,000 US soldiers died here, about the same number as died on 9/11. NATO fulfilled its assistance obligations. The Germans are there to this day with 1,300 soldiers.
The result? Exacerbation of the eternal ethnic conflicts between the Pashtuns, Tajiks and Hazara in Afghanistan. There is no end to the eternal interference from Pakistan, Iran, China and the Central Asian states. Afghanistan is normally a pawn for its more powerful neighbors and has so far lived best with playing one against the other. Formally, Afghanistan is a democracy with a parliament, but government and MPs are corrupt in case of doubt. Most recently, Afghanistan was a state by American grace.
Night celebrations in Kandahar: The residents of the Afghan city cheer about the agreement between the Taliban and the USA. (Source: imago images)
The US has caught up on the experience of the Macedonian king, British imperialism and the Soviet communist law enforcement agency. Basically nothing can be changed in Afghanistan. Anyone who tries anyway will give up and leave at some point. That was almost 2,400 years ago, 180 years ago, 41 years ago and now.
Basically, Afghanistan was just an interlude for the US after 9/11, because the George W. Bush administration was actually targeting Iraq. Saddam Hussein was to become the ultimate prey in order to rearrange the Middle East. The world power had big plans. It first failed in Iraq, with consequences to this day, and she had known for a long time that it had failed in Afghanistan.
Now the world power is withdrawing in phases. The war that she last waged in Afghanistan is called "the invisible war" in the USA. He hasn't made bigger headlines for a long time. This is one of the reasons why it is overdue for the combat troops to withdraw from the country in the Hindu Kush. Only the consistent admission is missing: a war not won is a lost war.
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