Is a shrinking kidney curable

Kidneys in distress Kidney failure: recognize warning signs early enough

This is how important kidneys are to health

The kidneys do vital work. They cleanse our body of harmful substances and regulate blood pressure, water and salt balance. In addition, they form a number of vital hormones which, among other things, control blood formation (through erythropoietin) and the absorption of calcium and phosphate from the intestine (so-called active vitamin D).

They filter the entire amount of blood up to 300 times a day. Up to 1,800 liters pass through the kidneys every day.

You can do all of this for a long time even with impaired kidney function. But once destroyed kidney tissue can no longer be repaired.

What are Causes of Kidney Disease?

The function of the kidneys can be disturbed by various diseases. Common causes of kidney diseases are: diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure, in the western world these "affluence diseases" are the main causes of chronic kidney failure.

Diseases include inflammation of the kidneys (for example pyelonephritis or glomerulonephritis), kidney stones, tumors or hereditary diseases such as cystic kidneys, which in many cases lead to complete kidney failure and can therefore be associated with a high level of emotional stress for those affected, as one parent and a grandparent may have been affected by the disease.

Kidneys naturally weaken as they age. In addition, painkillers and numerous diseases put a strain on the detoxification organs. We have summarized symptoms that can indicate kidney problems in the picture gallery.

How is declining kidney function examined?

Declining kidney function can be detected with blood and urine tests: The creatinine level in the blood provides an important first indication. Creatinine is a breakdown product of the acid creatine, it supplies the muscles with energy. It builds up in the blood when the kidneys are not working properly.

The creatinine value only rises when the kidney function is already restricted by more than 50 percent. Increased protein excretion in the urine also indicates kidney damage.